Theatre Owners Booking Association

   Established in 1912 by S. H. Dudley, this theatre chain aimed at supplying year-round employment for African American performers, although they eventually came to see TOBA as an acronym for "tough on black actors." By 1916, Dudley had 28 theatres in the chain. In 1919, theatres managed by whites were admitted. Dubbed the "Chitlin Circuit," it was criticized for paying small salaries to all performers except headliners. The TOBA folded during the Great Depression.

The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Theater Owners Bookers Association — Theater Owners Booking Association, or T.O.B.A., was the vaudeville circuit for African American performers in the 1920s and 1930s. The theaters all had white owners and collaborated in booking jazz, blues, comedians, and other performers for… …   Wikipedia

  • Broadway theatre — Broadway theater,Although theater is the preferred spelling in the U.S.A. (see further at American and British English Spelling Differences), the majority of venues, performers, and trade groups for live dramatic presentations use the spelling… …   Wikipedia

  • Motion Picture Association of America film rating system — R rated redirects here. For the R rating in other countries, see Motion picture rating system. PG 13 redirects here. For the wrestling team, see PG 13 (professional wrestling). The Motion Picture Association of America s film rating system is… …   Wikipedia

  • Bowery Theatre — American Theatre redirects here. For the magazine, see American Theatre (magazine). Cigarette trading card featuring the Bowery Theatre, New York City The Bowery Theatre was a playhouse in the Bowery neighborhood of New York City. Although it was …   Wikipedia

  • TOBA —    Theatre Owners Booking Association …   The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater

  • Harlem Renaissance — a renewal and flourishing of black literary and musical culture during the years after World War I in the Harlem section of New York City. Also called Black Renaissance. * * * or New Negro Movement Period of outstanding vigour and creativity… …   Universalium

  • Timeline of music in the United States (1880 - 1919) — This is a timeline of music in the United States from 1880 to 1919. NOTOC 1880*George Upton s Women in Music is the first of many articles and reviews by prominent male critics which sought to trivialize and undermine the achievements of what was …   Wikipedia

  • Jimi Hendrix — Infobox musical artist Name = Jimi Hendrix Img capt = Hendrix live at the Royal Albert Hall, February 18, 1969. Img size = Landscape = Background = solo singer Birth name = Johnny Allen Hendrix Alias = Born = birth date|1942|11|27|mf=y Seattle,… …   Wikipedia

  • tap dance — a dance in which the rhythm or rhythmical variation is audibly tapped out with the toe or heel by a dancer wearing shoes with special hard soles or with taps. [‡1925 30] * * * Style of American theatrical dance using precise rhythmical patterns… …   Universalium

  • Count Basie — Nom William James Basie Naissance 21 août 1904 Pays  …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.